Diatom-ARCTIC

Diatom Autecological Responses with Changes To Ice Cover

Overview

Sea ice algae are important primary producers, contributing to the base of the food chain in the Arctic Ocean. Their productivity and composition depend on the light, nutrient and salinity conditions present in the ice and underlying water column, all of which are likely to change in response to climate warming. Diatom-ARCTIC will characterize sea ice habitats in the Arctic and evaluate the biogeochemical and ecological contributions of the most prolific algal community – diatoms – within them. These insights will be applied to understand how the Arctic marine system will respond to ongoing changes that include thinning of sea ice, declines in nutrient inventories and freshening of Arctic Ocean surface waters. We will answer questions such as:

  • How do sea ice conditions vary over different spatial and temporal scales in the Arctic?
  • How do sea ice diatoms respond to variability in growth conditions?

This project is co-funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and by NERC.

Professor Alexandre Anesio, lead investigator of Diatom-ARCTIC:

“Diatom-ARCTIC is a truly innovative study that combines extensive field and laboratory investigations to comprehensively investigate the potential response of sea ice algae to climate change from the species to pan-Arctic scales, while also bringing together interdisciplinary experts from the UK, Germany, and around the world.”

Lead Investigators

  • Professor Alexandre Anesio

    Co-lead investigator, University of Bristol

    Alex Anesio is a Professor of Biogeochemistry at the University of Bristol, and the co-lead investigator of the Diatom-ARCTIC project. His research combines molecular and biogeochemical approaches to determine microbial functionality and activity in the cryosphere. In the Diatom-ARCTIC, a major focus of his research is determining the response of sea ice algae to changes in light, nutrient and salinity conditions associated with the thinning of sea ice.

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  • Dr Marcel Nicolaus

    Co-lead investigator, AWI

    I am a research scientist at the Alfred Wegener Institute in Bremerhaven, Germany. My main research interest is the role of sea ice and its snow cover as key elements of the climate- and ecosystems. In Diatom-ARCTIC, I am the co-lead investigator, and responsible for the ROV based observations of the bio-physical sea ice and habitat conditions. I work on linking our field observations into general parameterizations and numerical models.

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