Educational resources

This section features materials prepared by scientists in the Changing Arctic Ocean programme. They are aimed at children in various ages groups, to raise awareness of the issues and science surrounding climate change impacts on the Arctic Ocean.

Frontiers for Young Minds (8 to 15 years)

A collection of 19 articles have been prepared by scientists in the Changing Arctic Ocean programme aimed at children in age groups 8 to 12 years and 13 to 18 years. These articles appear in a collection in the journal Frontiers for Young Minds. This is an online, open access journal  that makes cutting-edge science discoveries available to younger audiences.

Scientists write the articles and young people review them to make sure they are understandable.

The “Changing Arctic Ocean” article collection in Frontiers for Young Minds has now also been launched as a free e-book. Download the free ebook here.

You can view the whole collection here, or click on the title of each article below:

  1. “The Carbon Story of a Melting Arctic.”
    by Johan Faust, Christian März and Sian Henley (2019).  Frontiers for Young Minds 7: 136. doi: 10.3389/frym.2019.00136
  2. What Is Blue Carbon and Why Is It Important?
    David Barnes (2020).  Frontiers for Young Minds 7:154. doi: 10.3389/frym.2019.00154
  3. A Long Way From Home—Industrial Chemicals in the Arctic That Really Should Not Be There
    by Roxana Sühring, M. Diamond, M. Scheringer and L. Jantunen (2020). Frontiers for Young Minds 8:2. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.00002
  4. Marine Copepods, the Wildebeest of the Ocean.” 
    by Dan Mayor, Kathryn Cook, Tom Anderson, Anna Belcher, Holly Jenkins, Pennie Lindeque, Geraint Tarling and David Pond (2020). Frontiers for Young Minds 8:18. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.00018
  5. DVM: The world’s biggest game of hide-and-seek.”
    by Jen Freer and Laura Hobbs (2020).  Frontiers for Young Minds 8:44. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.00044
  6. How do we track changing Arctic sea ice?
    by Olivia Lee (2020). Frontiers for Young Minds 8:68. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.00068
  7. Reduce, reuse, recycle in the Arctic Ocean with the power of microbes.”
    by Birthe Zäncker, Rowena Stern, Elliot Price and Michael Cunliffe (2020).  Frontiers for Young Minds. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.00090
  8. The polar sea ice melts: What happens to the fish under the ice?
    by Leif Christian Stige (2020).  Frontiers for Young Minds. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.00091
  9. How nutritious will a future Arctic Ocean be?
    by Pearse Buchanan, Robyn Tuerena, Alessandro Tagliabue and Claire Mahaffey (2020).  Frontiers for Young Minds 8:93. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.00093
  10. How is climate change affecting marine life in the Arctic?
    by Mike Heath, Déborah Benkort, Andrew Brierley, Ute Daewel, Richard Hofmeister, Jack Laverick, Roland Proud, and Dougie Spiers (2020). Frontiers for Young Minds 8:103. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.00103
  11. How melting Arctic sea ice can lead to starving polar bears.
    by Doreen Kohlbach and Benjamin A. Lange (2020). Frontiers for Young Minds 8:111. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.00111
  12. Life inside and under frozen seawater.
    by David N Thomas and Hermanni Kaartokallio (2020).  Frontiers for Young Minds 8:537335. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.537335
  13. The Arctic: An Upside-Down Ocean.
    by Yueng-Djern Lenn, Ben Lincoln and Markus Janout (2020). Frontiers for Young Minds 8:105. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.00105
  14. The Bottom of the Arctic’s Food Web Is of Top Importance
    by Alex Hayward and Jordan Grigor (2020).  Frontiers for Young Minds 8:122. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.00122
  15. Virtual reality: cracking the code of Arctic climate change
    by James Ward, Felipe Sales de Freitas, Kate Hendry and Sandra Arndt (2020). Frontiers for Young Minds 8:00125. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.00125
  16. The future of the Arctic: What does it mean for sea ice and small creatures?
    by Hanna Kauko, Mar Fernandez-Mendez, Amelie Meyer, Anja Rosel, Polona Itkin, Robert Graham and Alexey Pavlov (2020).  Frontiers for Young Minds 8:97. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.00097
  17. Freezing in the Sun” by Guilia Castellani, Gaelle Veyssiere, Frank Kauker, Michael Karcher, Julienne Stroeve, Jeremy Wilkinson, Hauke Flores, Marcel Nicolaus (2020) Frontiers for Young Minds 8:509101. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.509101
  18. “The movement of CO2 through the frozen world of sea ice” by Odile Crabeck, Karley Campbell, Sebastien Moreau and Max Thomas (2021). Frontiers for Young Minds. 9:516072. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.516072
  19. “Tiny but powerful: How tiny amounts of certain gases can make a big difference in the Earth’s climate” by Hanna Campen and Hermann Bange (2021). Frontiers for Young Minds. 9:516417. doi: 10.3389/frym.2021.516417


Kids' activity sheet (7 to 11 years)

Project DIAPOD

The scientists in the DIAPOD project have produced a 2-page activity sheet about copepods, aimed at children from 7 to 11 years old. It has some colouring-in, a maze to navigate and a word puzzle. Designed by Holly Jenkins, Anna Belcher, Pennie Lindeque, Helen Parry and Jennifer Freer.

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